Enlarge /. Haiku's bright, colorful Boot Splash feels like something you'd see on Tom Nook's computer.
Earlier this month, the Haiku project released the second beta of its operating system of the same name, Haiku.
Haiku is the reinterpretation of a particularly ambitious, future-oriented operating system from 1995 – BeOS from Be, Inc. BeOS was developed to take advantage of SMP (Symmetrical Multi-Processing) hardware using techniques that we take for granted today hold – kernel-scheduled preventive multitasking, ubiquitous multithreading, and BFS – a proprietary 64-bit journaling file system.
BeOS – the Apple operating system that never existed
Enlarge /. The two AT&T Hobbit processors of this Bebox prototype lurk – uncooled! – under a Trident graphics card.
Most who remember BeOS remember that the offer to become Apple's first operating system failed. The platform was created by Jean Louis Gassée, a former Apple manager who wanted to continue working on the discontinued Apple Jaguar project. In the beginning, Be developed the machine for its own hardware, the BeBox – a system with two AT&T Hobbit processors, on which BeOS & # 39; could shine unsurpassed attention for the SMP efficiency.
Unfortunately for Be, AT&T discontinued the Hobbit in 1994 – a step that Gassée might have had to anticipate, since Apple originally contacted AT&T to develop the Hobbit, but then gave it up because it was "full of flaws" was … and overpriced. "When looking for a new hardware platform, the company switched to the PowerPC architecture. The company went through eight hardware revisions in two years before it decided not to develop its own hardware.
The next step for BeOS was Apple's Common Hardware Reference Platform. Apple desperately needed a refresh for the aging MacOS Classic, and for a short time the tech industry was full of the possibility that BeOS would be the next Apple operating system – but Gassée and Apple's then CEO Gil Amelio couldn't agree on a price . Gassée asked for $ 300 million, but Amelio would go no higher than $ 125 million. After the stalled negotiations, Apple's board of directors decided to bring founder Steve Jobs to his knees again by buying his NeXT.
This was the beginning of the end for BeOS, which was looking for another four years – first distributed on the Mac clones of Power Computing, then on Intel x86 computers and even on a free, slimmed down "Personal Edition", designed to get the consumer busy, which could run on either Microsoft Windows or Linux. In 2001, the rights to BeOS were sold to Palm, largely ending the original BeOS saga.
Although Be, Inc sold the rights to BeOS to Palm in 2001, the community had no intention of abandoning the project – they founded an OpenBeOS project in the same year. In 2004, Palm sent a trademark infringement notice and the project was renamed Haiku.
Back to the present: Installation of Haiku R1 / Beta 2
Protip: "initialize" should really be "format".
There is an enormous variety of partition types available. The selection options only relate to the type ID – not to the formatted file system.
When Haiku asks you to "initialize" a Be File System partition, it really means "format". Back to the partitioner!
Right click on the new partition and then choose Format-> File System. This is the step we missed earlier.
Success! We can now click "Start" – from here we are literally only a minute away from a fully installed Haiku system.
In June 2020 – nineteen years after OpenBeOS was born and sixteen after it was renamed Haiku – the project released its second beta distribution. The project still maintains the backward compatibility of applications with BeOS from the 90s – but only in the 32-bit version, which I have not tested.
Haiku's installer is easy to use if you know what you are doing – but this limitation is important. There is a live desktop option, but I went straight to the full hardware installation in a new Haiku VM, and it was a bit frustrating.
Disk partitioning is both required and completely manual. The installation program informs you that "at least one partition (initialized) with the Be File System" is required, but otherwise leaves you alone. In the partition manager there is no information about "Intel Partition Map" or "GUID Partition Map" – or whether a GUID Partition Map also needs a BIOS boot partition.
It is also not clear that creating a "Be File System" here really only means setting a type ID on an unformatted partition and not enough to continue the installation. After you create the partition, you need to select and format it. The installer does not do this for you and does not warn you why the installation cannot continue.
After figuring this out, I decided on a GUID partition scheme, created a 1000MB BIOS boot partition, mapped the rest of my 32GB virtual drive to a BFS partition, and formatted it. The main installer no longer complained that a valid installation target could not be found, and the rest of the installation was completed in a minute or less.
Listing picture by Jim Salter