The coronavirus pandemic is the biggest challenge the world has faced since World War II. It kills people and, according to UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, will also lead to an unparalleled economic recession in the recent past.
Johns Hopkins University estimates that there are more than 850,500 confirmed coronavirus cases and over 41,000 deaths worldwide. The United States now has the highest number of cases worldwide, with 184,183 and more than 4,000 deaths.
"We are facing a global health crisis like the 75-year history of the United Nations that kills people, spreads human suffering and changes people's lives," Guterres said on Tuesday when he released a new report, "Shared Responsibility," global Solidarity: responding to the socio-economic impact of the socio-economic impact of COVID-19.
The current coronavirus pandemic was far more than a health crisis. It's a human crisis, Guterres said at the virtual launch of the report.
Mr. Guterres later replied to the question why he considers the pandemic to be the worst global crisis since the United Nations was founded, "because it is a combination of a disease that poses a threat to all people around the world." and second, because it has economic repercussions that will lead to a recession that is unlikely to have a parallel in the recent past. "
"The combination of the two facts and the risk that this will contribute to increased instability, increased unrest and increased conflict make us believe that this is indeed the most difficult crisis we have faced since the Second World War and one. That requires one stronger and more effective response, which is only possible in solidarity if everyone comes together and if we forget political games and understand that it is about humanity. "
The UN head said the human crisis calls for "coordinated, determined, inclusive and innovative policies from the world's leading economies – and maximum financial and technical support for the poorest and most vulnerable people and countries".
Mr Guterres called for "an immediate coordinated health response to suppress the transmission and end the pandemic", which "increases the health capacity for testing, tracing, quarantine and treatment, while ensuring the safety of first aiders, combined with measures to restrict movement and Contact".
He stressed that developed countries must help the less developed, or "face the nightmare of the disease that is spreading like wildfire in the global south, with millions of deaths and the prospect of recurrence where it previously did was suppressed ".
"Let us remember that we are only as strong as the weakest health care system in our connected world," he said.
In addressing the devastating social and economic dimension of the crisis, the UN head urged to focus on the most vulnerable by designing strategies that support, among other things, the provision of health and unemployment insurance and social protection while maintaining business Help prevent bankruptcies and job losses.
In addition, nations would need to address the devastating social and economic dimensions of this crisis, focusing on those most affected: women, the elderly, young people, low-wage workers, small and medium-sized enterprises, the informal sector and especially vulnerable groups in humanitarian and vulnerable groups Conflict situations.
"We have to see countries joining forces not only to fight the virus, but also to address its profound consequences. That means shaping fiscal and monetary policy …" he said, adding that one Comprehensive, coordinated and comprehensive multilateral response of at least 10 percent of global gross domestic product is urgently needed.
Debt reduction must also be a priority, Guterres said, noting that the United Nations is "fully mobilized" and is establishing a new multi-partner trust fund for the response and recovery of COVID19 to respond to the emergency and move away from the socio-economic To recover shock.
"If we can overcome this crisis that we are going to be faced with, we can face a choice," said the UN head, "or we can return to the world as before or deal resolutely with the issues that make us all vulnerable to crises. " . "
The report also includes estimates from a wide range of UN agencies regarding the serious impact of the pandemic on various aspects of life.
According to the United Nations International Labor Organization, five to 25 million jobs will be lost and the United States will lose $ 860 billion to $ 3.4 trillion in earnings.
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) predicted 30 to 40 percent pressure on global foreign direct investment flows, while the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) saw a 20 to 30 percent decline in international arrivals.
Meanwhile, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) expected 3.6 billion people to be offline, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) predicted that 1.5 billion students would leave school.
Mr Guterres described the pandemic as "a crucial moment for modern society" and said that "history will judge the effectiveness of the response not by the actions of a single group of government actors, viewed in isolation, but by the degree to which the Response is coordinated worldwide in all sectors for the benefit of our human family. "
"With the right measures, the COVID-19 pandemic can mark the beginning of a new kind of global and social cooperation," said Guterres.