The police killings by George Floyd and Breonna Taylor were sparks that rekindled smoldering anger against authorities around the world. One of the most viewed places was Seattle, where demonstrators barricaded a headless zone, attracted excessive attention, and created a new case study of using technology to push ahead and drown them in disinformation.
From the actual recording of Floyd's killing and subsequent protests and riots to the documentation of the brutal reaction and sudden withdrawal of the police to the establishment and widespread commenting on an improvised community, technology has played a critical role throughout. But to properly center things, how people use technology has become more important than the technology itself.
Information is power more than ever, and imbalances in the person who has that power have been both exacerbated and questioned as events have taken place. It's encouraging to see that live streaming and instant video distribution lead to accountability, but it's also terrible to see deliberate campaigns to manipulate and undermine reality – and I'm saying reality because that's it what I saw with my own eyes.
As a short preamble, I should disclose a few things.
First, I support the concerns of the protesters in Seattle. It would be pointless to deny that I took sides here – also because allegations of objectivity are little more than a fig leaf for editorial decisions in matters of grave injustice and obvious abuse of power; But my presence at the protests was inevitably documented, whether I like it or not. So there is no point in denying it.
Second, I live on Capitol Hill, just a few blocks from the zone. I was an eyewitness to important events (with a built-in technical aspect) and it would be irresponsible for me not to use the privilege of this platform to share aspects of it that were only sporadically dealt with.
And thirdly, these protests were organized and led by colored people, and I am a white man who, by comparison, hardly participated. On race, policing, and inclusion issues, I will turn to others who are better equipped for education: writers like Ijeoma Oluo (whom we interviewed recently), researchers like Joy Buolamwini, and publications like Blavity.
This article will focus on three topics: The collection and use of digital media on both sides of police collisions; the use of social media and the struggle between information and disinformation in the headless zone; and the advent of live streaming as an essential medium for this and future movements.
A question of perspective
The first protests in Seattle at the end of May, leading to riots in some places where police cruisers were being polished and destroyed (somehow unsupervised and full of weapons) are difficult to follow because they were full of movement and chaos. But they were thoroughly, if arbitrarily, documented by the participants with presence of mind to record what they saw.
Significantly, the Seattle authorities made little or no attempt to recount when their officers were repeatedly (and currently being) filmed using clearly excessive violence against unarmed, often unresistable protesters, or indiscriminately tear gas and pepper fired spray and flashed into the crowd. A woman's heart stopped three times after being hit by an explosion ball that seemed to be aimed at her while thousands watched.
Where, one wonders, is the police relieving footage of how the demonstrators are described as aggressive or non-compliant, or what keywords officers use to justify brutality during a close combat of their own creation? And yet the police are at a loss. With countless examples of bad behavior, the troop seems to have decided every day to stand firm and let it tip over.
But it is difficult to do this if you have something like a video that goes viral from a child who has been macerated:
This image, depicting the inhumane treatment of protesters by the Seattle police (ready to carry batons while the crying child is being treated), was taken by a local named Evan Hreha. It is hard to delete such a strong image – so they arrested it.
Hreha was arrested and jailed by a dozen officers a week later for allegedly pointing a laser at the police. It hardly needs to be said that this account impairs credibility. For one thing, Hreha says that he had a hot dog stand with friends at the time of the alleged crime. But it is absurd that the police would or could identify a person in a crowd remotely, then investigate and arrest them – for anything, let alone for a non-violent, non-violent use of lasers. And it happens to be the man behind a viral video that makes the cops look bad.
This clearly appears to be a case of retaliation, but the police have not held themselves accountable by checking the information available. I contacted the file department to ask for information about Hreha's investigation and arrests (among other things), but it will take months for the police to release anything if they ever do.
Hreha was released two days later without charge. But the deterrent effect of intimidating someone who caught the police in an act of brutality in front of the camera had been achieved. The official who murdered the child still has to be officially identified or disciplined.
This is an example of the power imbalance in conflicts of this kind: On the one hand extensive documentation of local people that is unorganized and difficult to endure; On the other hand, documentation that is carefully organized and strictly controlled and enables the exercise of powers by using this control as a lever. The police have also started to reuse messages and protest material for their own purposes.
But this story doesn't always play out as the police would prefer.
In the first week of June, demonstrators marched to Pine to confront the police about this and other acts. After that, they would have gathered in Volunteer Park like many similar protests and would then have gone home to do it again day. But the police blocked her on the 11th and Pine with a barricade and a number of police officers in combat gear.
The group did not disperse as ordered, saying they would stay and protest peacefully until the police got out of the way. Predictably, the police were liberal in the use of tear gas and lightning strikes at curfew, causing serious damage to some demonstrators and terrorists across the neighborhood. This continued and increased in intensity for several days and nights. (These clashes continue in many cities.)
The justification for using their “less lethal” tools with such enthusiasm was predictable: the crowd was violent and threw stones and even improvised explosives at officers. However, these claims were repeated and finally dismantled, since these encounters were filmed in high definition from different angles practically from start to finish.
A particularly insightful video was made by a person on a roof directly above the barriers. It clearly shows a peaceful crowd that sings and definitely doesn't throw stones and bottles. Anyone can check it out and not only that there was no violence on the part of the demonstrators, but that the flashpoint moment (also documented in other videos) occurred when a policeman ripped a now famous pink umbrella from a person's grip. Anyone who resisted the police was an excuse for retribution – indiscriminate and completely disproportionate.
Huge evidence of police brutality is almost entirely due to the often ridiculed habit of young people to always have their phone in hand. (We are not far from the situation I always took almost 10 years ago.)
"You picked the wrong generation to pull this shit on," said TK, a protest organizer I spoke to. "Because governments didn't create this power – it was created by normal, regularly smegular people like all of us. The only people who can stop it are the people who created it."
The police have rarely published their own pictures or footage, and when they do so, it is often a brutal act of independence. They posted pictures of the above "improvised explosive" on Twitter shortly after a group attack on demonstrators, and within seconds people had pointed out that it was a prayer candle, probably from a nearby monument that was smashed during close combat was. The police revised their reference to this as "fire equipment," which, technically speaking, uncovers the deliberate concealment of the truth that was often found in the department's communications.
After another incident, body cam material was released to support the story that a "violent crowd" had prevented the police from reaching a victim of the shooting in the protest zone and was therefore responsible for his death. People soon pointed out that the timestamps visible in the video show that the police arrived 20 minutes after the shootout and after the victim was brought to the hospital in a private car – because rescue workers (for good reason) did not go in front of the police the scene came secured it.
We now know that the Seattle police statement after Friday's CHOP shots was largely fictitious, according to their own Bodycam footage. They showed up 10 minutes later when they claimed after the victim was brought to Harborview. pic.twitter.com/wN62gQxX8c
– Spek the Lawless (@spekulation) June 22, 2020
When the police chief claimed rape and violence in the protest zone, it was pointed out that the SPD's own crime reporting system did not show this. Then their claim that armed gangs were blackmailing local businesses was quickly put down by the businesses themselves – embarrassingly, the source of this claim was a fully-made report in a right-wing blog. (Ironically, after the police recaptured the zone, companies quickly complained that their presence had forced them to close.)
And of course, as elsewhere, there are countless videos of extreme violence against irresistible demonstrators, often with the knee on the neck that is now apparently required. These will hopefully later prove useful as a counterbalance to police allegations, and while officials are still veiling their badges and refusing to identify themselves, the quality of the video makes identification by other means trivial.
The digital record has resulted in officials, the department and the boss being caught lie after lie after lie. These are not misunderstandings or honest mistakes, but misrepresentations that are deliberately made to discredit demonstrators and shield the department. It is clear that if others had not carefully documented each encounter and critically examined police statements and evidence, the lies would soon have been the only and therefore true record of what happened.
What I described was in Seattle, but others have been abusive in LA, New York, Portland, and Chicago – where police officers were caught doing another type of large-scale manipulation of the record.
In many cities, these departments are now faced with cutbacks or full refinancing, as well as the failure to successfully falsify the narrative, as well as their more fundamental failings as institutions.
“This generation is not stupid, as much as they want to believe it. "You are just a bunch of stupid children." Okay, this bunch of stupid kids will make the city take up half of your budget, "said TK." So apparently we're not that stupid. "
A final example of the power of social media in persecuting problematic police officers came late in the writing of this article. After two demonstrators were beaten and killed on a blocked highway after a driver bypassed police bans, a detective from the King County's sheriff's office made several brutally abusive posts on Facebook – public.
These were discovered by affected citizens, who not only took screenshots of the content, but also the list of people who liked or commented on the posts, and also looked them up. This turned out to be a wise tactic because when the posts made waves online, Brown's entire Facebook page was deleted.
It turns out that Detective Brown is not only Governor Jay Inslee's cousin, but is also said to be the chief security officer of County Executive Dow Constantine and his occasional driver. A 40-year-old veteran of the group who was previously accused of abusive behavior. Detective Brown was on vacation and under investigation within 48 hours. It is hoped that the officials and officials who publicly endorsed Brown's behavior will also soon be confronted. But how quickly would this recourse have disappeared if they had been given a tip.
Keeping the police honest is a welcome application of so-called citizen forensics, but social media would soon be a counterexample to the use of technology to discredit demonstrators and mislead millions.
In the zone
Believe it or not, Capitol Hill's autonomous zone was nobody's idea.
The now notorious area, without police officers barricaded by demonstrators, was frequently and almost without exception incomplete and inaccurately profiled in mainstream news and social media. It's an instructive but deeply frustrating example of how the old saying goes, "A lie can travel halfway around the world before the truth can put its boots on."
A very brief history of its origins is as follows: On June 8, after a particularly violent but ultimately unsuccessful attempt to clean up the demonstrators' area last night, the police suddenly announced they were leaving East Precinct's building and all valuables, Take weapons and weapons with you. and sensitive documents with them.
The demonstrators were amazed. They had not asked for and had no reason to do so – their demands were to defuse the police, invest in the community, and release detained protesters. Incredibly, no one has yet taken responsibility for ordering the task. The mayor and the chief of police both denied this. But give it up, they did it.
The demonstrators marched on immediately, some went on to Volunteer Park and others remained, pointing out the need to protect the area from anyone who could damage it, if necessary for days and at any time. If you are skeptical, remember: this is all on video. People learned early on that many people only believe what they saw, and even then only sometimes.
Since a car had almost been plowed by the demonstrators the day before and the driver had actually shot someone (before he was gently detained by the police) and heard reports from right-wing agitators in the area, the demonstrators implemented the barriers to ensure safe Create zone at the ends of nearby streets. Someone sprayed "Capitol Hill Autonomous Zone" on one and mistakenly branded the entire movement.
What followed in the CHAZ (later in the CHOP) was several days and nights with convincing events, speakers and tributes to lost lives in which thousands participated, including myself.
But what followed online was an uninterrupted flood of wild exaggerations, manipulated media, racist vitrioles and of course countless death threats. It would be impossible to list even a fraction of the information online that I could contradict with my own eyes, but here are some examples.
The most noticeable, of course, must be that Fox News photographs a shooter in several unrelated scenes of destruction and uses them dishonestly as evidence of the chaos in the zone. This was done so badly that it would be weird if it weren't part of a larger, ongoing narrative trying to discredit the protests and zone as an Antifa-led separatist state.
The separatist narrative, which continues to this day, was invented and expanded by lazy or traffic-hungry sales outlets and experts who, in addition to the ironic name, contained little evidence.
There was not always a need to invent controversial images (in fact, the shooter used by Fox really did exist). The video of a person distributing rifles to his crew quickly spread and in connection with the irresponsible rumor mill of the chief of police, the word "warlord" appeared.
Without going into the zone's complex and largely improvisational politics, this character and its heavily armed presence were generally not recognized. But in the weeks after that event, I saw the picture, its name, and the warlord trope appearing thousands of times every day.
It's tempting to say that it's hard to misinterpret a man who distributes assault rifles from the back of his car. But it is evidence of the broken narrative presented online that the critical context has almost always been left out or replaced with falsehoods. An armed man had not only shot a demonstrator after driving his car into the crowd the previous day, but at the moment of the video, the police were suspected of being involved in a disinformation campaign that was intended to provoke conflict.
The nightly public police scanner frequencies (which were known to be monitored by demonstrators) were full of reports of a group of 20 to 30 armed “Proud Boys” (an extreme right-wing group) moving towards the protest zone. The bike police on scanners said they followed the group for blocks, asked where they were going (the CHAZ), tried to stop them from getting there, and finally reported that they spontaneously dispersed before giving them away Achieved goal.
Now a large group of armed men working their way up downtown to Capitol Hill would be a pretty eye-catching sight, even in those days when a record number of armed men were walking the streets. However, none of the thousands of demonstrators and allies spreading across the city looking for them saw anything that matched this description during or after this time. No messages from well-known proud boys (some of whom actually showed up later to attack a demonstrator on video) indicated presence. More directly, the police descriptions of the group that crossed certain intersections were contradicted by live traffic cameras showing those intersections that did not show anything like this.
But here, too, the obvious police intention of provocation had been achieved through misinformation. The people in the CHAZ, who were already rightly concerned about violence, were put on alert and armed. They produced a spectacle that continues on social media to paint the entire protest with a brush.
The repeated intensification of individual images had some disturbing commonalities, in particular the hardly disguised language of racism. People in the protest zone, and especially black men, of whom images often accompanied these tweets and other posts, were all described as "thugs", "savages", "animals", "wild animals" and all others. Significantly, those who used this hideous lexicon were rarely residents of Seattle or Capitol Hill; Twitter is very efficient in importing hate.
In fact, it did not take long for the CHAZ, which had won the dubious award to spark the so-called national interest, to become the target of coordinated meddling, harassment, and disinformation campaigns by people across the country. The resulting mess is a brief example of the incredible promise and utter inadequacy of online platforms in times like these.
With its accessibility and relative consistency, the number of people and groups involved in these protests had made Twitter an invaluable tool for disseminating important information. While private groups were also used on Signal, WhatsApp, and Discord, it was clearly better for things like police positioning, march updates, attacks on protesters, and other vital live communications to make the information as prominent and public as possible.
“A lot of momentum was built up, people learned and trained. So this was the chance to finally put everything we had learned into practice. "
TK and her co-organizer Tatii said that social media is at the center of her work, although the bottom line is always the ultimate goal.
"Social media plays a big role because we can't do anything without it," said Tatii bluntly. “When it comes to finding the information we need and finding resources to help black people, all of this is done using technology. This is how we network with people, how people reach us. So we get people to tell us about police scanners. There are many group chats, such as with our doctors, our auto brigade, our bike brigade. All about social media. "
"Scouts let us know if 30 bike cops are coming down Broadway. It is vital that you try to strategically plan these types of things so as not to be cornered and penned in," said TK.
"At least on the black side of social media, there was a lot of talk about Black Lives Matter," added Tatii. “A lot of momentum was built up, people learned and trained. So this was the chance to finally put everything we had learned into practice. "
It's easy to take Twitter for granted, so we should give the platform due credit for the basic features it offers. Many I spoke to stressed that they trusted what they read from accounts with a verifiable track record more than what they saw in the constantly outdated local news. As Tatii and TK found, many of their co-organizers came specifically to Seattle to learn the truth about mainstream reports that had not passed an intestinal test.
The decision to organize hashtag publicly had two major consequences, though important information was quickly made available to as many people as possible.
First, this information was fragmented almost to the point of usability: you never knew whether it was #seattleprotest or #seattleprotests, #seattleprotestcomms, #seatleprotest (yes), plain old #seattle, #defundSPD, or a handful of others. This was only exacerbated by the foundation of CHAZ, which spawned a dozen new hashtags of different quality and population. Instagram provided powerful boost effects, but little review or network building.
Twitter has made this stream of important information available to avid antagonists across the country, who have flooded these hashtags with abuse and misinformation. Posts with pictures of other or previous protests were used to mislead or misrepresent the current ones, and pictures of local police officers from other times were used to scare those who had learned to be careful about the presence of the SPD to take. Fake names and events were posted, fake claims issued and fulfilled, and fake reports that claimed to represent protesters or the zone.
Ownership of a particular account has been fiercely disputed and confused by such tempting clues as following Huawei's lead (you can imagine the theories that came out of it), and for an "official" explanation, with a few stray pixels From a Biden presidential campaign graphic ended.
Later, when the mayor tried to provoke a “mission accomplished” exit from the zone after the mayor cut $ 20 million from the police budget, he exhorted his readers to vote for Biden. Needless to say, this was not one of the generally agreed demands or positions of the protests. If someone doesn't expose themselves behind this strange but prominent report, we may never know whether it is a government facility, a provocateur or a practical joker, or what their intentions really are.
The ongoing, chaotic myth that the CHAZ was an attempt to separate and form a socialist, anarchist utopia led to efforts to rebrand. The misunderstanding was so widespread that it was decided to change the name "officially" (as far as this concept existed in space) to "Capitol Hill Occupied Protest" – noting the fact that Seattle itself is an "occupation" of the indigenous people land, change the O to Organized.
This led to a further fragmentation of the information channels: No one on site wanted to use #CHAZ and his relatives because it was no longer what the organizers wanted to call it. But the name had entered the common language. The entries now had to be #CHAZ, #CHOP, #CHOPCHAZ and others like #CHAZSeattle etc. It became very difficult to follow an event – be it positive like a march or a speaker or negative like a fight or a shoot – without knowing where to look or how to analyze the information there.
It is hard to exaggerate how effectively the broken narrative and conflicting efforts have made national and global understanding of the events surrounding these protests.
As they say, you can never step into the same river twice, so it was around the protest and the zone on social media. The ever-changing flow of Twitter sometimes led to absolutely vital data that was not available anywhere else, but was always contaminated with incomplete or premature judgments, ignorance, racism, and false reports.
When I asked what digital tools were needed to better organize and avoid disruptions, protesters I spoke to generally said some form of centralization and interoperability. The ability to compile multiple feeds, authors, videos, images and static links in a dynamic and accessible manner would save them a lot of time and effort. Certainly it would have helped to alleviate some of the problems mentioned above.
Stream of conscience
"Live streaming and turning off our phones every day is our best form of self-defense."
Despite the shortcomings of social media in general, live streaming is a digital medium that has proven to be indispensable for this and other protests.
Obwohl die Technologie als neue Form der passiven Unterhaltung auf Twitch und anderen Live-Plattformen an Popularität gewonnen hat, wurde schnell klar, dass sie die Technologie der Wahl war, um diese und andere Proteste und soziale Bewegungen zu dokumentieren.
Wie TK es ausdrückte: „Menschen sind visuelle Lernende; Bis sie es selbst sehen, glauben sie es nicht wirklich. Und wenn es lebt, lebt es. Die geschnittene, abgeschnittene und bearbeitete Version wird nicht angezeigt. Sie können nicht bestreiten, was Sie in rohem Live-Material sehen. Du kannst es nicht ignorieren. "
In Seattle sind zwei Personen zu bekannten Gesichtern oder Stimmen geworden, da sie jeden Schritt der Proteste auf diese Weise hartnäckig dokumentiert haben, von vor dem CHOP bis weit danach: Omari Salisbury und Joey Wieser.
Salisbury betreibt Converge Media, eine unabhängige, über das Internet verteilte Nachrichtenorganisation. Er hat einen Rundfunk- und Netzwerkhintergrund und als der CHOP buchstäblich vor seiner Haustür auftauchte – die Studiotür öffnete sich zur Polizeilinie, bevor die Beamten gingen – nutzte er die Gelegenheit, um die Geschichte so objektiv wie möglich zu teilen. Für ihn war das einzige Tool, das in die Rechnung passte, das Live-Streaming.
"Der Betrachter muss in der Lage sein, den Kontext zu sehen, denn wenn der Betrachter den Kontext nicht sehen kann, wird er zu etwas anderem", sagte er. "Die Leute schätzen uns, weil der Stream lang ist, wir die Kamera dort lassen und die Leute ihre eigenen Entscheidungen treffen lassen."
Er war nicht nur für die kontroversen oder schrecklichen Momente da, wie Zusammenstöße zwischen Provokateuren und Demonstranten oder die Schießereien, die später stattfanden, sondern auch für die große Anzahl friedlicher Stunden, in denen Menschen ihre eigenen Erfahrungen auf Salisburys Aufforderung hin austauschten. Das Ergebnis ist ein unglaublich wertvolles Archiv mit Hunderten von Stunden Live-Filmmaterial, das die Wahrheit aus der Zone heraus betrachtet, die von Millionen gesehen wurde.
Joey Wieser hat keinen Medienhintergrund, sondern nur eine vorübergehende Vertrautheit mit den Systemen und Social-Media-Methoden, die die Aufmerksamkeit der Menschen auf sich ziehen können. Viele vertrauten jedoch auf seinen Stream, und die Ereignisse, die er aufzeichnete, erregten auch Millionen von Ansichten, einfach weil er sich entschied, die ihm zur Verfügung stehenden Werkzeuge zu nutzen.
„Es ist nicht so, dass wir keine Regenschirme haben. Wir haben einfach nie einen Sturm getroffen, der einen verdient.
Bis zu dieser Woche. " -Seattle pic.twitter.com/STGnwIc3sZ
– Joey Wieser (@itsjosephryan), 8. Juni 2020
„Live-Streaming und das tägliche Ausschalten unserer Telefone sind unsere beste Form der Selbstverteidigung. Jeden Tag, an dem ich aus meiner Haustür gehe, halte ich mein Telefon so, als wäre es mein ultimativer Schild, meine ultimative Waffe “, sagte er. "Ohne sie habe ich das Gefühl, keine Rolle in dieser Bewegung zu spielen. Es ist nicht so, dass ich ein produktiver Live-Streamer bin oder dass ich weiß, was schwarze Gemeinschaften am besten brauchen. Ich bin nur ein Weißer und arbeite zufällig in der Technik. Wenn ich verstehe, wie Best Practices für soziale Medien aussehen, Analytik und soziale Verstärkung verstehe, konnte ich in Kombination mit meinem Community-Aktivismus hierher kommen und dies tun. “
Für Wieser war es weniger wichtig, die richtigen Verbindungen oder das richtige Netzwerk zu haben, als zur richtigen Zeit am richtigen Ort zu sein, auch wenn dies ihn in Gefahr brachte. (Er und Omari wurden beide mehrfach unter Tränen vergast und in der Nähe von Schießereien und anderen Auseinandersetzungen.)
"Ich denke, es bringt den Betrachter wirklich zu Hause auf den Fahrersitz", sagte er. "Weil sie nicht nur einen ununterbrochenen Stream sehen können, sondern auch ein echtes Live-Gespräch mit jemandem führen können, der vor Ort ist. Sie können sagen, hey, biegen Sie nach links ab. Was war das? Es ist eine partizipative Erfahrung, die das Ansehen der Nachrichten nicht zulässt. "
Ein solcher Vorfall, den ich gesehen habe, widerspricht fast dem Glauben. Wieser strahlte den Protest aus, als ein Lastwagen durch die Gegend schoss und fast mehrere Menschen traf. Minuten später war eine Person, die den Strom beobachtete, überrascht, als genau dieser Lastwagen vor ihrer Wohnung hielt – es war ihr DoorDash-Fahrer, der stolz verkündete, dass sie gerade einige Demonstranten heruntergefahren hatten. (Die Kennzeichen und Informationen des Fahrers wurden schnell über die richtigen Kanäle gesendet.)
DAS GRUNDSTÜCK VERDICKT: Der Mann in diesem Truck ist Fahrer bei @DoorDash und hat eine Lieferung gemacht. Der Kunde beobachtete buchstäblich den Livestream, als der silberne Lastwagen vor seinem Haus hielt. pic.twitter.com/di1eI9bQjE
– W Joey Wieser ☂️ (@itsjosephryan) 1. Juli 2020
Als Zwei-Wege-Medium bietet es neue Möglichkeiten für Interferenz und Engagement. Sowohl Salisbury als auch Wieser erlebten wiederholte Versuche, ihre Kommentarbereiche zu verschmutzen oder sie persönlich anzugreifen.
„Es geht mir nicht verloren, dass diese Verstärkung gegen uns eingesetzt werden kann, aber ich denke, eines der wichtigen Dinge beim Live-Streaming ist, dass Sie Ihre eigene Erzählung einbringen können, anstatt sie nach Lust und Laune von Fox News zuzulassen oder Sinclair «, sagte Wieser. „Unabhängig davon, ob die Trolle es in den Kommentaren oder in den Hashtags übernehmen oder nicht, ob Sie sich den Inhalt tatsächlich anhören und ob Sie jemanden hier draußen haben, der das richtige Herz und die richtige Leidenschaft und das richtige hat Mit der richtigen Analyse können Sie diese Erzählung zurückfordern. "
„Der Bürgerjournalist hat immer existiert. Sie hatten einfach nie die Mittel, um den nationalen Nachrichten gleichgestellt zu sein. "
Salisbury seinerseits erklärte, dass es nicht immer ausreiche, nur zu dokumentieren – man muss Bericht erstatten, und das tut er.
"Die Leute rocken mit mir, weil es nicht ausreicht, nur die Kamera einzuschalten und zu streamen. Wenn Sie die Geschichte von Seattle, die Geschichte der Nachbarschaft kennen, politische Positionen verstehen … und Sie müssen Farbe dort anbringen, wo sie nicht ist, wissen Sie, was ich sage? Der Bürgerjournalist hat immer existiert. Sie hatten einfach nie die Mittel, um den nationalen Nachrichten gleichgestellt zu sein “, sagte er.
"Die Leute unterschätzen die Technologie, die es gibt, insbesondere die kostenlosen Sachen", fuhr er fort. „Ich weiß, dass die Leute ihre Ansichten zu Plattformen und Datenschutz haben. Und ich denke, das ist eine andere Diskussion. Aber ich werde sagen, dass das, was hier vor sich geht, es Bürgerjournalisten ermöglicht, die Welt zu berühren. Ich habe OTT- und Streaming-Plattformen in Europa und in ganz Afrika gebaut. Wenn ich also die eigentliche Technologie verstehe, die dazu gehört, halte ich keinen Stream für selbstverständlich. Ich habe Leute in Australien, die seit dem ersten Tag aktiv sind. Was wäre, wenn ich das durch meine eigenen Kontakte pflegen müsste, meinen eigenen Server machen, alles selbst machen müsste? Wie würde ich sie erreichen? So funktioniert das nicht. "
Er schreibt Live-Streaming zu, dass er Druck auf lokale und nationale Verkaufsstellen ausübt, um ihr Spiel zu verbessern – von einer Person mit einem Telefon angezeigt zu werden, sieht für eine große Nachrichtenorganisation nicht gut aus.
"Bürgerjournalisten und Streamer kamen hierher und zwangen die lokalen Medien, ihr gesamtes Spiel zu ändern", sagte er. "Ich meine, ein Mann mit einem Handy hat damals keinen Respekt bekommen. Aber ich hatte meine Interviews mit dem Bürgermeister vor allen anderen, meine Interviews mit Chief Best vor allen anderen. Siehst du was ich sage? Ich bin nur ein Typ mit einem Telefon. Jetzt hat die Seattle Times hier draußen einen Streamer. Diese Situation hat die Medien dazu gebracht, neue Technologien anzupassen. “
Während Live-Übertragungen seit Jahrzehnten Teil lokaler und nationaler Nachrichten sind, war es in Wahrheit ein völlig anderes Medium. Aber es ist jetzt schwer vorstellbar, über Ereignisse wie diese ohne modernes Live-Streaming zu berichten, und ältere Medien haben begonnen, dies zu erkennen.
Technologie war schon immer ein zweischneidiges Schwert. Die Ereignisse in Seattle und im ganzen Land haben dies eindrücklich veranschaulicht, und es scheint unbestreitbar, dass sich das, was auch immer in Bezug auf Politik und Politik geschieht, die Art des Protests und die Machtdynamik, die es seit Jahrzehnten definiert, allmählich geändert haben.
Letztendlich gehört die Macht jedoch nicht der Technik, sondern den Menschen.
"Technologie spielt dabei eine große Rolle, aber ich werde mit Ihnen real sein. Was Sie brauchen, ist altmodischer, wenn Sie Ihre Füße auf die Straße schlagen", schloss TK. "Es ist nicht so, dass die Technologie nicht ausreicht, sondern dass die Menschen sich dafür entscheiden, Technologie nicht zum Verständnis zu verwenden."
"Wir haben immer wieder bewiesen, dass die einzigen, die uns wirklich den Rücken kehren, wir sind."