Norway's Arctic Archipelago of Spitsbergen recorded the highest temperature in over 40 years on Saturday, almost as much as the all-time record, the country's weather institute reported.
According to a scientific study, global warming in the Arctic happens twice as fast as in the rest of the planet.
For the second time in a row, the archipelago registered 21.2 degrees Celsius (70.2 Fahrenheit) heat in the afternoon, just below the 21.3 degrees measured in 1979, meteorologist Kristen Gislefoss told AFP.
The archipelago dominated by Spitsbergen, the only inhabited island in the northern Norwegian archipelago, is 1,000 kilometers from the North Pole.
The relative heat wave, which is expected to continue until Monday, is a huge rise in normal temperatures in July, the hottest month in the Arctic.
The Svalbard Islands usually expect temperatures of 5 to 8 degrees Celsius this time of year.
In the region, temperatures have been five degrees above normal since January and peaked at 38 degrees in Siberia in mid-July, just behind the Arctic Circle.
According to a recent report, "The Svalbard Climate in 2100", average temperatures in the archipelago will increase by 7 to 10 degrees between 2070 and 2100 due to greenhouse gas emissions.
Changes are already visible. Between 1971 and 2017, between three and five degrees of warming were observed, with the largest increase in winter.
Svalbard, known for its polar bear population, is home to both a coal mine, which digs out the most global warming of all energy sources, and a "Doomsday" vault, in which stocks of the global agricultural premium have been collected since 2008 in the event of a global catastrophe
After the penetration of water due to the thawing permafrost in 2016, the vault required work worth 20 million euros.
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