The pilot of the crashed Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) aircraft ignored three air traffic controller warnings about the altitude and speed of the aircraft before landing, saying he was satisfied and will be able to deal with the situation, a report on Monday.
The national flag carrier tragedy PK-8303, which killed 97 people and miraculously survived two, is one of the most catastrophic aviation disasters in the country's history.
The Airbus A-320 from Lahore to Karachi was 15 nautical miles from Jinnah International Airport and flew 10,000 feet above the ground instead of 7,000 when Air Traffic Control (ATC) issued its first warning of lowering the aircraft. In height, Geo News cited an ATC report.
Instead of lowering the altitude, the pilot replied that he was satisfied. When there were only 10 nautical miles left to the airport, the plane was said to be at 7,000 feet instead of 3,000 feet.
The ATC issued a second warning to the pilot to lower the aircraft's altitude. However, the pilot replied again, saying that he was satisfied and that he would handle the situation, and said he was ready to land, the report said.
According to the report, the aircraft had enough fuel to fly two hours and 34 minutes, while the total flight time was recorded at one hour and 33 minutes.
Pakistani investigators are trying to find out whether the crash is due to a pilot error or a technical error.
According to a report by the country's civil aviation authority (CAA), the plane's engines scraped the runway three times when the pilot first attempted to land, causing friction and sparks recorded by the experts.
When the plane scratched the ground on the first failed landing attempt, the engine's oil tank and fuel pump may have been damaged and started to leak, preventing the pilot from reaching the required thrust and speed to bring the aircraft to safety, according to the report.
The pilot made the decision "alone" to do a "go-around" after not landing for the first time. Only during the start was the ATC informed that the landing gear had not been used.
"The pilot was instructed by the air traffic controller to get the plane to 3,000 feet, but he only managed 1,800. When the cockpit was reminded to reach the 3,000 foot level, the first officer said," We're trying. " the report said.
Experts said that failure to reach the level indicated that the motors were not responding. The plane then tipped over and suddenly crashed.
The flight crashed on Friday afternoon in the Jinnah Garden near the Model Colony in Malir, a few minutes before landing at the Jinnah International Airport in Karachi. Eleven people on the ground were injured.
The exploration team, led by Air Commodore Muhammad Usman Ghani, President of the Aircraft Accident and Investigation Board, is expected to provide a full report in approximately three months.
According to the PIA Technical and Maintenance Department, the last inspection of the aircraft was carried out on March 21 of this year and had flown from Muscat to Lahore one day before the crash.
After the COVID-19 pandemic, the Pakistani government approved limited domestic flights from five major airports – Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta – as of May 16. After the aircraft tragedy, the PIA stopped operating at home.