British Home Secretary Priti Patel today announced the launch of Britain's new point-based visa system, which aims to attract the "brightest and best" in the world, including India, and reduce the number of cheap, low-skilled workers in the country.
The new system will enter into force on January 1, 2021, at the end of the transition period after Britain's exit from the European Union (EU) last month, officially ending the free movement of people within the economic bloc for the UK. Non-member.
The new Post-Brexit system, which applies to EU and non-EU countries such as India, is based on the allocation of points for specific skills, qualifications, salaries and professions, whereby visas are only issued to those who have enough points receive.
"Today is a historic moment for the whole country. We are ending freedom of movement, taking control of our borders and meeting the priorities of the population by introducing a new point-based immigration system in the UK that will reduce overall migration." said Ms. Patel, the oldest cabinet minister of Indian origin.
"We will attract the brightest and best from around the world, boost the economy and our communities, and unlock the full potential of this country," said Ms. Patel, who is responsible for the UK visa and immigration system.
The UK Home Office said the new system was a direct response to the 2016 Brexit referendum, which was seen as a vote to end the country's dependence on cheap migrant workers and lower the overall level of migration with more certainty.
"The new unified global system will treat EU and non-EU citizens alike. It will give priority to those with the highest skills and talent, including scientists, engineers and academics," said the Home Office.
The Global Talent Scheme, a fast-track visa that is due to come into force on Friday, will also apply to EU citizens next year so that highly qualified scientists and researchers can come to the UK without a job.
Professor Alice Gast, President of Imperial College London, said: "British science is global. The new post-graduate work and visas for global talent will help us attract the smartest students and researchers in the world wherever they come from."
"From the race to develop a coronavirus vaccine to clean energy, British science's international collaborations promote innovation and excellence."
The government said the threshold for the new system would be carefully set to attract the talent Britain needed. Professionals need to meet a number of relevant criteria, including specific skills and the ability to speak English in order to work in the UK. All applicants must have a job offer, and according to the recommendations of the Migration Advisory Board (MAC), the minimum wage threshold is set at £ 25,600 – less than the previous £ 30,000 for Tier 2 work visas.
The new point-based system will also expand the qualification threshold for skilled workers.
Those who want to live and work in the UK must be qualified to graduate rather than equivalent under the current system. This will provide more flexibility and ensure that UK businesses have access to a wide pool of professionals, the Home Office said.
In line with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson's manifesto in the December 2019 general election, there will be no specific path for low-skilled workers.
"It is estimated that 70 percent of the existing EU workforce would not meet the requirements of the skilled workers route, which will help reduce the total number in the future," said the Home Office.
Visa routes for students will also be point-based and will be open to EU citizens next year.
If you want to study in Great Britain, you have to prove that you have an offer from a recognized educational institution, can get financial support and speak English.
Just in time for the 2020 harvest, the pilot for seasonal workers will be expanded from 2,500 to 10,000 jobs to take into account the specific work concerns of the agricultural sector, which depend on seasonal workers from the EU.
EU citizens and other non-Visa nationals do not need a visa to enter the UK if they are visiting the UK for up to six months.
However, the use of national identity cards to travel to the UK is being phased out, and the Home Office emphasized that UK residents can continue to apply for UK residency until 31 December 2020 as part of their post-Brexit offer via the EU comparison system until June 2021.